" />


  • IB Geography is the science that studies lands, features, inhabitants and phenomena of the earth
  • The two main branches are Human Geography and Physical Geography
  • Human Geography focuses on the world, people, communities and their cultures
  • Physical Geography focuses on geography within earth science, specifically physical problems and issues of the atmosphese, hydrosphere and lithosphere(Landscape, Oceans, and meteorology)
  • The course is grounded in the real world and focuses on the interactions between individuals, societies and the physical environment in both time and space
  • The course identifies trends and patterns in these interactions and examines the processes behind them
  • It integrates both physical and human geography and ensures that students acquire elements of both scientific and socio-economic methodolgies
  • Develop an understanding of the interrelationships between people, places, spaces and the environment
  • Develop a concern for human welfare and the quality of the environment and an understanding of the need for planning and sustainable management
  • Appreciate the relevance of geography in analysing contemporary issues and challenges and develop a global perspective of diversity and change

Part 1: Core – Patterns and Change (SL/HL)
Populations in transition
Disparities in wealth and development
Patterns in environmental quality and sustainability
Patterns in resource consumption

Part 2: Optional themes (SL/HL)
A. Freshwater issues and conflicts
B. Oceans and their costal margins
C. Extreme environments
D. Hazards and disasters – risk assessment and response
E. Leisure, sport and tourism
F. The geography of food and health
G. Urban Environments

Part 3: HL extension – global interactions (HL)
Measuring global interactions
Changing space
Economic interactions and flows
Environmental change
Sociocultural exchanges
Political outcomes
Global interactions at the local level

Fieldwork (SL/HL)


    • What are the differences between the natuaral sciences and the human sciences?
    • Do maps reflect reality?
    • Do regions have boundaries?
    • To what extent might it be true that geography combines the methods of human and natural sciences?

    Paper 1
    Multiple short answer and one extended response

    Paper 2
    Two structured questions based on stimulus material

    Written report
    Written report based on fieldwork

Skip to toolbar